The Modern Ritual of the Rave

How Drugs and Music Help Create a Sacred Experience

P. Hancock

May 2017

When a Roman Emperor made the Catholic Church the state religion in 308 A.D., the Western world was robbed of its ritual roots where gatherings for dancing, altered states of consciousness, and communion helped people passionately connect to one another as well as the gods.

Catherine Bell, the religious studies scholar, explains rituals as “the means by which collective beliefs and ideals are simultaneously generated, experienced, and affirmed as real by the community. Hence, ritual is the means by which individual perception and behavior are socially appropriated or conditioned.”[1]

The Catholic Church – by making its rituals insular, and by extracting rites of passage from the lives of the people – caused humanity to cease coexisting in the same way. I feel this prevented humans from being reliant upon one another to interact in profoundly transformative ways. But that deep, archetypal longing still exists in each and every one of us.

Rituals of Sound

In ancient rituals, where myths were repeated, acted out, and interacted with – a primary instrument of metamorphosis was music! Drumming rumbled through the crowd at 220 beats-per-minute (bpm) inducing an altered state of consciousness, influencing the participants’ brainwaves, and creating a trance state. In this state the ritual became the, “mechanism for integrating thought and action,” [1] where great shifts would occur for everyone involved.

Sometimes they were enacting myths that taught the community important lessons; sometimes people were dedicating themselves to a specific deity that would amplify their work-abilities; and at other times the youth were going through the steps to become adults. Priests and priestesses took hallucinogens, as it has been proven that at Delphi, “hallucinogenic gases rising from a nearby spring were preserved within the temple rock.” [2] During all of this, those who engaged in the rites experienced a heightened sense of community. Ritual was so important that during the various Holy Days in Greece, prisoners were released so that they could participate and remain a part of the community. [3]

Finding Happiness

I went to my first rave in 1998. It was the first time that I truly encountered a “transcendent experience in terms of “feeling part of something larger than ourselves,”[4] that Barbara Ehrenreich describes in Dancing in the Streets: A History of Collective Joy. The music was different than what I was regularly listening to, the people were happier, and it was the first time I took Ecstasy.

I remember sitting in the mist of the fog machines blowing smoke, the lights causing patterns to dance in the air, and the deep bass of the music. “This is it!” I thought. “This is what the ancients experienced. Here, the youth of the West are subconsciously creating the same experience as the tribes in Africa, the Aborigines in Australia, the temples of Ancient Greece! Here is that sense of community and true connection.”

At that time in my life I was immensely wrapped up in the Goth scene, and was still working through being the child of an abusive alcoholic. After that rave, I gradually tossed my black clothes, changed my morose attitude and closed-off demeanor, and for the first time embraced the idea of happiness.

“To submit, bodily, to the music through dance is to be incorporated into the community in a way far deeper than shared myth or common custom can achieve.”Barbara Ehrenreich

Clifford Geertz, a ritual theorist, explains this type of development, “It is in some sort of ceremonial form… that the moods of motivations which sacred symbols induce in men, and the general conceptions of the order of existence which they formulate for men, meet and reinforce one another.” [1] The modern ritual of the rave was having this same ceremonial, life-altering effect by creating a sacred experience, that helped me to see how to transcend the unhappiness of my life.

After that first rave I decided to investigate and started closely observing what was happening at these events. The sheer act of going to these gatherings were rituals in and of themselves—the same motions being acted out by all of the participants: gathering with friends, taking psychedelics together, beginning to feel it, seeking out others who are “feeling it” too, hugging, embracing, kissing, and dancing! Dancing to the same bpm of the drums in transformative ceremony.

Unity through Dance

Barbara Ehrenreich poetically explains, “To submit, bodily, to the music through dance is to be incorporated into the community in a way far deeper than shared myth or common custom can achieve.” [4] I realized then that the rave scene was this exact type of “community,” and it was guiding us back to our ancient roots. It was helping people feel like they are part of something larger than themselves. It was allowing them to focus their intention, and experience joy in ways that they simply weren’t letting themselves actualize every day. It was a place for myth-making, storytelling, experiencing music and utilizing hallucinogens. And, it was a place where people once again had the permission to cherish the euphoria of ritual.

Rabbi Shapiro, a Jewish mystic, who focuses on contemporary spirituality says, “We thirst . . . for that sense of belonging, completeness, and grace that reveals the fundamental unity of all life in life—when in fact we are a manifestation of that unity.” [5]

Humanity is slowly moving back towards this idea of unity. Although those in power may ostracize the psychedelic movement, it is the gatherings that group creates that offer a valuable, necessary arena for people to have the ritual group experience, that is sorely lacking in modern society. And it is through those types of gatherings that people have the opportunity to find their own wholeness, learn about themselves, and cross the threshold into a new way of life.


[1] Bell, Catherine. Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
[2] Roach, John. “Delphic Oracle’s Lips May Have Been Loosened by Gas Vapors” from National Geographic News. August 14, 2001.
[3] Farnell, Richard L. The cults of the Greek states, vol. 3. London: University of Oxford, 1907.
[4] Ehrenreich, Barbara. Dancing in the Streets: A History of Collective Joy. New York: Henry Hold and Company, LLC, 2006.
[5] Shapiro, Rami. Recovery—The Sacred Art, Vermont: Skylight Paths Publishing, 2009.


The Third Wave relies on your support to continue producing high-quality content.

If you like what we do, and want to see more, consider a small donation on Patreon
and take advantage of our many perks and benefits for supporters!

AS FEATURED IN                            


Our mission is to support educated and informed discourse on the topic of psychedelics, including psychedelic community, microdosing, psychedelic identity, and various other topics relevant to our mission. The Third Wave does not encourage illegal activities. Any information we provide is for education and information only. This site is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

Copyright - FAQs - Disclaimer

Pin It on Pinterest