A Comparison Between Indica, Sativa And Hybrid Cannabis In Medical Treatment

Alan Wood · March 28th, 2020

medical cannabis

The cannabis plant is known for its medical and recreational use, and it has several strains available in the market. The two primary strains are Indica and Sativa strains. These strains have different characteristics and must be evaluated before consuming as they have differing effects on the human body.

Here are some comparisons among Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid strains.

Indica Strains

Indica strains originated in central Asia and now have been grown locally in Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Morocco, Nepal, and Turkey. They can withstand the dry and harsh environment. Also, this plant is shorter compared to a Sativa strain and is usually under 6 feet (182cm) tall with leaves that are shorter and wider. It produces more buds and grows much faster than Sativa strains. Some neophyte growers usually start with growing Indica since it’s suited to be cultivated at home because of its small size.

In terms of its effect, its physiological response is focused on the muscular or physical aspect of the body. Here are some known benefits or impact of Indica type of Cannabis in the body;

  • Reducing pain
  • Relieving muscle tension
  • Relaxation
  • Helping patients to rest.
  • Reduce nausea
  • Increase appetite

The Indica strain is recommended to use at night before going to bed. It’s because the plant can help promote sleep, which is suitable for patients with insomnia or if they have a problem sleeping. This strain also has lower THC and higher CBD in its chemical compound. Indica’s popular strains are the Hindu Kush, Afghan Kush, and Granddaddy Purple.

Sativa Strains

Sativa strains are known to grow in warm and hot places and believed to originate in Africa, Central America, Southeast Asia, the Western part of Asia, Colombia, Mexico, and Thailand. A Sativa is a tall plant and can reach at least 20 feet with tall and thin leaves like fingers. This plant takes longer to grow, and its branches span wide and lengthen upward direction.

In comparison to the Indica strain, Sativa is a more potent stimulant and affects the cerebral function of the human body. Here are other effects of the Sativa plant, which is the reason people think it gives a “Mind High.”

  • Energizing
  • Mood and emotions stimulator
  • It improves focus
  • Reduce anxiety
  • Uplifting and gives people euphoric feeling
  • It increases creativity
  • Productive
  • Alertness

Sativa has a lower concentration of CBD and a higher concentration of the THC chemical compound, which is why it’s better to use it in the morning. Its stimulating effect helps patients relieve their symptoms without hindering their daily activity. There are different strains of Sativa plant being grown because of its effect. If you’re interested to know more, you can check out an article on WG.

List Of The Common Sativa Strains.

Amnesia Haze

One of the most potent strains of Sativa and has 90%of its genetics. It has a 25% THC compound and produces large buds. It’s resistant to any mold and diseases. It takes up to 11 weeks for its flowering time. If you intend to grow it indoors, you can harvest up to 600 grams per square meter. Its genetics came out from plants in Jamaica, Hawaii, and south-east Asia. However, it also takes a long time for it to bud and flower.

Sour Diesel

One of the most popular Sativa strains there is and known since the 90s until now. This plant is suitable outside and has a quick and robust high with vivid green buds. This strain is local in California’s emerald triangle and make huge branches and produce buds after ten weeks of flowering. It is a fast grower strain but has stinky odor on is buds. It also has a 22% THC compound, which is useful as a pain reliever.

Jack Herer

This hybrid is named after Jack Herer, author and marijuana activist. This strain is one of the purest Sativa types and strongest with crystal-coated buds. It can flower within 8 to weeks and can be grown inside and outside. It tastes like creme brulee and can produce 600 grams per plant if grown outside.

Strawberry Cough

Strawberry cough grows in cold places, and its buds turn purple and red. It’s not mold-resistant and can only handle moderate rain. It has a fruity taste like strawberries and produces 24% THC.

Bruce Banner

This strain is well known in the United States and a Sativa dominant strain with 29% THC. The leaves of this strain change to magenta at the end of its flowering stage, which is an indicator that it’s ready for harvest. This plant is suitable in dry places with no rain to have the best buds. Also, the harvest may provide a different kind of smell and aroma.

Green Crack

This strain is easy to grow and can increase your energy because it has more than 20% THC and also mold resistant. It can grow inside and outside with 55 days flowering time. It can also produce at least 3 kilos per plant with stinky buds that have a fruity and skunky flavor.

Maui Wowie

This Maui Wowie is a popular Sativa strain and grown locally in Hawaii. The hybrid is very ideal for growing outdoors. It takes 12 weeks for it to finish flowering and produce musty weed. It provides a fruity cola with a citrus taste.

Blue Dream

One of the best Sativa strains and has excellent produce. The hybrid is also mold resistant. You need to check on it because it can outgrow your place. The strain parents are haze and American blueberry Sativa that provides the best characteristics of haze and the best flavor of blueberry. It has a high percentage of THC compound that will make you energetic


It is a mixture of afghani, Thai, and Mexican Sativa strain and has a percentage of 25 % THC. It’s a fast-growing strain with bushes appearance. It can provide an adequate quantity of buds with light green and a little bit of grey color. You can even smell pine and black pepper while using it.

Super Lemon Haze

The growth of this strain may start slow, but it provides a very tasty harvest. It tastes like lemon and has more than 20 percent THC compound. You have to properly take care of it like cleaned and pruned it while growing; then, you will have an abundant harvest up to 1200 grams per plant.

Hybrid Strains

Hybrids are simply new strains created from its parents of different types like Indica and Sativa strains. Any breeder can experiment and create a new strain from any two strains that may provide excellent medical properties. There are varying amounts of THC, and CBD compound can be found in Hybrid strains.

Some hybrids are believed to have more potent effects than regular Indica and Sativa strain. A hybrid strain that has more THC than CBD is called “Sativa – dom,” while the other one which has more CBD is called “indica-dom.” There are times as well that it’s listed in ratio or percent.

In conclusion, Indica strains have more potent effects on the physical function of the body and should be taken before going to bed. On the other hand, Sativa strain contains more THC compared to the latter, which acts as a stimulant for the brain. It is suggested to be taken in the morning to benefit from its effect as a mood and mind stimulant.

It’s also important to note that the effects of hybrid cannabis are much dependent on the dominant strain used when creating the hybrid. The amount of THC and CBD on the hybrid can also show if it has more of the characteristic of Indica or Sativa.

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